From Turpan I took a tour of the hotel agency, the manager’s name was also Abdul, as in Kashgar. I visited the following sights:
• Emin Minaret – a beautiful mosque from 1777A.D., made of brown bricks, with a 40m tower. It was built in honor of Turpan’s hero and general, Emin Khoja. Just like yesterday, I decided not to enter today.
• Tomb of Astana – Astana means capital in Uighur, it was an old cemetery and dull, where there were some mummies, also thought it was not worth entering.
• Gaochang Old Town – they are ruins of an ancient city in the middle of the desert 30 km from Turpan, left only mounds of sand and clay bricks that were confused with the color of the desert. The city arose around the 1st century BC, being an important warehouse of the Silk Road and it was destroyed in the 14th century. While the tourists took pulled carts pulled by mule to go from the entrance to the palace, I decided to walk through the ruins until there.
• Caves of Bezeklik – or Mural of Buddhist Art, I entered to see the caves, I repented cause it was so boring. The murals with buddha drawings were removed by the Germans or destroyed by the Chinese Red Guard during the Cultural Revolution. On the outside it was much more beautiful due to the landscape of a canyon. There were also dunes to walk, I was in a sandal and almost burned my feet in the torrid sand.
• Valley of Grapes – it was just a region where grapes were planted.
• Jiaohe Old Town – another ruin of town 9km from Turpan, it was also the former capital of some ancient kingdom. It was destroyed by the Mongols in the 13th century A.D. I found it more interesting than Gaochang, it was a little less ruined.
• Karez Aqueduct – or “qanat”, is a water distribution system, used until this days since ancient times. The water is brought from far away, from the melting of the mountains. Boring site.
• Flaming Mountains – They are mountain chain along the way that are part of the local landscape, it has this name because they are red, as if they were on fire.
During the tour I talked sometimes to a Japanese or sometimes to an elderly American couple and already retired. The lady as Chinese but she has lived her whole life in the U.S., married to an American gentleman who taught Chinese in the U.S., sometimes we talked in Chinese or in English.
Back in Turpan, I saw a beggar and obese lady bathing naked with PET bottles filled with water and sat on the sidewalk! I was triple shocked: first simply because it was a shocking scene; second because it is a Muslim city; and third for being in China. I discreetly registered a photo.